Political persecution or economic deprivation? A time-series analysis of Haitian Exodus, 1990-2004

Stephen M. Shellman, Brandon M. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study addresses the factors that lead individuals to flee their homes in search of refuge. Many argue that individuals abandon their homes in favor of an uncertain life elsewhere because of economic hardship, while others argue that threats to their lives, physical person, and liberty cause them to flee. This study engages the debate by analyzing flight patterns over time from Haiti to the United States as a function of economic and security factors. Which factors have the largest influence on Haitian-U.S. migratory patterns? Our results show that both economics and security play a role. However, our analyses are able to distinguish between the effects of different individual economic and security indicators on Haitian-U.S. migration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-137
Number of pages17
JournalConflict Management and Peace Science
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations

Keywords

  • Haiti
  • Persecution
  • Political violence
  • Refugees
  • US foreign policy

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