The contribution of gravitational wave (tensor metric) and energy density (scalar metric) fluctuations to the cosmic microwave background polarization is computed. We find that the tensor contribution is significant only at large angular scales (multipoles l ≲ 40). For standard recombination, the tensor contribution can dominate at l ≲ 40; however, the effect would be difficult to detect since the total (scalar plus tensor) polarization is less than 1%. For models with late reionization, the total large angular scale polarization is large (∼7%-9%), but the tensor fraction is negligibly small. Hence, polarization may be useful for discriminating ionization history, but it is less promising as a means for detecting tensor fluctuations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
- Cosmology: cosmic microwave background
- Cosmology: observations