One central challenge in LEDs is to increase light extraction; but for display applications, other factors may have equal significance, such as ambientlight absorption, contrast, viewing angle, image sharpness, brightness, and low-glare. However, current LED structures enhance only some of the factors, while degrading the others. Here, a new organic LED (OLED) structure is proposed and demonstrated, with a novel plasmonic nanocavity, termed "plasmonic cavity with subwavelength hole-array" (PlaCSH), and exhibits experimentally significant enhancements of all above factors with unprecedented performances. Compared to the conventional OLEDs (the same but without PlaCSH), PlaCSH-OLEDs achieve experimentally: i) 1.57-fold higher external-quantum-efficiency and light-extraction-efficiency (29%/32% without lens, 55%/60% with lens) - among the highest reported; ii) ambient-light absorption not only 2.5-fold higher but also broad-band (400 nm) and nearly angle and polarization independent, leading to lower-glare; iii) fivefold higher contrast (12 000 for 140 lux ambient-light); iv) viewing angle tunable by the cavity length; v) 1.86-fold higher normal-view-brightness; and vi) uniform color over all emission angles. The PlaCSH is an excellent optical antenna - excellent in both radiation and absorption of light. Furthermore, PlaCSH-OLEDs, a simple structure to produce, are fabricated using nanoimprint over large-area (≈1000 cm 2), hence scalable to wallpaper size.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics