Plasmonic nanocavity organic light-emitting diode with significantly enhanced light extraction, contrast, viewing angle, brightness, and low-glare

Wei Ding, Yuxuan Wang, Hao Chen, Stephen Y. Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

One central challenge in LEDs is to increase light extraction; but for display applications, other factors may have equal significance, such as ambientlight absorption, contrast, viewing angle, image sharpness, brightness, and low-glare. However, current LED structures enhance only some of the factors, while degrading the others. Here, a new organic LED (OLED) structure is proposed and demonstrated, with a novel plasmonic nanocavity, termed "plasmonic cavity with subwavelength hole-array" (PlaCSH), and exhibits experimentally significant enhancements of all above factors with unprecedented performances. Compared to the conventional OLEDs (the same but without PlaCSH), PlaCSH-OLEDs achieve experimentally: i) 1.57-fold higher external-quantum-efficiency and light-extraction-efficiency (29%/32% without lens, 55%/60% with lens) - among the highest reported; ii) ambient-light absorption not only 2.5-fold higher but also broad-band (400 nm) and nearly angle and polarization independent, leading to lower-glare; iii) fivefold higher contrast (12 000 for 140 lux ambient-light); iv) viewing angle tunable by the cavity length; v) 1.86-fold higher normal-view-brightness; and vi) uniform color over all emission angles. The PlaCSH is an excellent optical antenna - excellent in both radiation and absorption of light. Furthermore, PlaCSH-OLEDs, a simple structure to produce, are fabricated using nanoimprint over large-area (≈1000 cm 2), hence scalable to wallpaper size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6329-6339
Number of pages11
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume24
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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