Plasma mass filtering for separation of actinides from lanthanides

R. Gueroult, Nathaniel J. Fisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Separating lanthanides from actinides is a key process in reprocessing nuclear spent fuel. Plasma mass filters, which operate on dissociated elements, offer conceptual advantages for such a task as compared with conventional chemical methods. The capabilities of a specific plasma mass filter concept, called the magnetic centrifugal mass filter, are analyzed within this particular context. Numerical simulations indicate separation of americium ions from a mixture of lanthanides ions for plasma densities of the order of 10 12cm-3, and ion temperatures of about 10eV. In light of collision considerations, separating small fractions of heavy elements from a larger volume of lighter ones is shown to enhance the separation capabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035002
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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