Planet-induced Stellar Pulsations in HAT-P-2's Eccentric System

Julien De Wit, Nikole K. Lewis, Heather A. Knutson, Jim Fuller, Victoria Antoci, Benjamin J. Fulton, Gregory Laughlin, Drake Deming, Avi Shporer, Konstantin Batygin, Nicolas B. Cowan, Eric Agol, Adam S. Burrows, Jonathan J. Fortney, Jonathan Langton, Adam P. Showman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extrasolar planets on eccentric short-period orbits provide a laboratory in which to study radiative and tidal interactions between a planet and its host star under extreme forcing conditions. Studying such systems probes how the planet's atmosphere redistributes the time-varying heat flux from its host and how the host star responds to transient tidal distortion. Here, we report the insights into the planet-star interactions in HAT-P-2's eccentric planetary system gained from the analysis of ∼350 hr of 4.5 μm observations with the Spitzer Space Telescope. The observations show no sign of orbit-to-orbit variability nor of orbital evolution of the eccentric planetary companion, HAT-P-2 b. The extensive coverage allows us to better differentiate instrumental systematics from the transient heating of HAT-P-2 b's 4.5 μm photosphere and yields the detection of stellar pulsations with an amplitude of approximately 40 ppm. These pulsation modes correspond to exact harmonics of the planet's orbital frequency, indicative of a tidal origin. Transient tidal effects can excite pulsation modes in the envelope of a star, but, to date, such pulsations had only been detected in highly eccentric stellar binaries. Current stellar models are unable to reproduce HAT-P-2's pulsations, suggesting that our understanding of the interactions at play in this system is incomplete.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL17
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume836
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • methods: numerical
  • planet-star interactions
  • planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
  • planets and satellites: individual (HAT-P-2b)
  • techniques: photometric

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    Wit, J. D., Lewis, N. K., Knutson, H. A., Fuller, J., Antoci, V., Fulton, B. J., Laughlin, G., Deming, D., Shporer, A., Batygin, K., Cowan, N. B., Agol, E., Burrows, A. S., Fortney, J. J., Langton, J., & Showman, A. P. (2017). Planet-induced Stellar Pulsations in HAT-P-2's Eccentric System. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 836(2), [L17]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/836/2/L17