Physics-Informed Data-Driven Prediction of 2D Normal Strain Field in Concrete Structures

Mauricio Pereira, Branko Glisic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Concrete exhibits time-dependent long-term behavior driven by creep and shrinkage. These rheological effects are difficult to predict due to their stochastic nature and dependence on loading history. Existing empirical models used to predict rheological effects are fitted to databases composed largely of laboratory tests of limited time span and that do not capture differential rheological effects. A numerical model is typically required for application of empirical constitutive models to real structures. Notwithstanding this, the optimal parameters for the laboratory databases are not necessarily ideal for a specific structure. Data-driven approaches using structural health monitoring data have shown promise towards accurate prediction of long-term time-dependent behavior in concrete structures, but current approaches require different model parameters for each sensor and do not leverage geometry and loading. In this work, a physics-informed data-driven approach for long-term prediction of 2D normal strain field in prestressed concrete structures is introduced. The method employs a simplified analytical model of the structure, a data-driven model for prediction of the temperature field, and embedding of neural networks into rheological time-functions. In contrast to previous approaches, the model is trained on multiple sensors at once and enables the estimation of the strain evolution at any point of interest in the longitudinal section of the structure, capturing differential rheological effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7190
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • creep and shrinkage
  • fiber bragg grating
  • long-term structural behavior
  • optical fibers
  • physics-informed machine learning
  • predictive modeling
  • structural health monitoring

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