Physical-Layer Security for Indoor Visible Light Communications with Space Shift Keying Modulation

Osama Hassan, Erdal Panayirci, H. Vincent Poor, Harald Haas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, a novel physical layer security technique is presented for indoor visible light communications (VLC) systems based on optical spatial shift keying (OSSK). Transmitters are equipped with light emitting diode (LED) arrays and in OSSK information is carried only by the LED indices rather than the transmitted symbols themselves. Assuming that the source has the channel state information (CSI) of the optical channel gains between the LEDs and a legitimate user, a pre-equalizer is designed for the transmitter, which transforms the actual channel gains into a new channel realization in which equalized channel coefficients are widely apart from each other in multiple LED fixtures within the power constraint. Since the eavesdropper's channel is not equalized, its bit error rate performance is profoundly degraded. In addition, it is shown that the proposed technique does not need to have the CSI of the eavesdropper. Also an analytical expression is derived to evaluate the capacity of OSSK exactly from which the achievable secrecy capacity of the proposed scheme is obtained easily by computer simulations. In the computer simulations, the channels for different scenarios are generated by Zemax, which is an optical design software with ray-tracing capabilities. Simulation results show that, as excellent bit error rate (BER) performance is achieved by the legitimate user, the performance of the eavesdropper degrades to a level that it is not possible to receive any meaningful information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538647271
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2018 - Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Dec 9 2018Dec 13 2018

Publication series

Name2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2018 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2018
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
CityAbu Dhabi
Period12/9/1812/13/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems and Management
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Signal Processing
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Instrumentation
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Keywords

  • Physical-layer security
  • multiple-inputsingle-output (MISO)
  • optical spatial-shift-keying (OSSK)
  • secrecy capacity
  • visible light communications (VLC)

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  • Cite this

    Hassan, O., Panayirci, E., Poor, H. V., & Haas, H. (2018). Physical-Layer Security for Indoor Visible Light Communications with Space Shift Keying Modulation. In 2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2018 - Proceedings [8648035] (2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2018 - Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOM.2018.8648035