Phototuning Selectively Hole and Electron Transport in Optically Switchable Ambipolar Transistors

Wassima Rekab, Tim Leydecker, Lili Hou, Hu Chen, Mindaugas Kirkus, Camila Cendra, Martin Herder, Stefan Hecht, Alberto Salleo, Iain McCulloch, Emanuele Orgiu, Paolo Samorì

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


One of the grand challenges in organic electronics is to develop multicomponent materials wherein each component imparts a different and independently addressable property to the hybrid system. In this way, the combination of the pristine properties of each component is not only preserved but also combined with unprecedented properties emerging from the mutual interaction between the components. Here for the first time, that tri-component materials comprised of an ambipolar diketopyrrolopyrrole-based semiconducting polymer combined with two different photochromic diarylethene molecules possessing ad hoc energy levels can be used to develop organic field-effect transistors, in which the transport of both, holes and electrons, can be photo-modulated. A fully reversible light-switching process is demonstrated, with a light-controlled 100-fold modulation of p-type charge transport and a tenfold modulation of n-type charge transport. These findings pave the way for photo-tunable inverters and ultimately for completely re-addressable high-performance circuits comprising optical storage units and ambipolar field-effect transistors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1908944
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry


  • ambipolar transport
  • diarylethenes
  • organic field-effect transistors
  • photochromic molecules
  • semiconducting polymers


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