Out-of-equilibrium effects provide an elegant pathway for probing and understanding the underlying physics of topological materials. In particular, controlling electronic band structure properties using ultrafast optical pulses has shown promise for creating exotic states of matter. Of recent interest is band renormalization in Dirac and Weyl semimetals as it leads to direct physical observables through the enhancement of the effective mass or in the shift of resonant energies. Here we provide experimental and theoretical signatures of photoinduced renormalization of the electronic band structure in the topological nodal-line semimetal ZrSiS. Specifically, we show how the change in the transient reflectivity spectra under femtosecond optical excitations is induced by out-of-equilibrium effects that renormalize the kinetic energy of electrons. We associate the observed spectral features with an enhancement of the effective mass and to a redshift of the resonant frequency as a function of pump field strength. Finally, we show that the transient relaxation dynamics of the reflectivity is primarily an electronic effect with a negligible phononic contribution. Our study presents conclusive modifications of electronic properties in ZrSiS using ultrashort pulses and demonstrates the potential of this approach in creating photoinduced phases in topological quantum matter through an all-optical route.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics