Phase transitions near black hole horizons

Steven S. Gubser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations


The Reissner-Nordström black hole in four dimensions can be made unstable without violating the dominant energy condition by introducing a real massive scalar with non-renormalizable interactions with the gauge field. New stable black hole solutions then exist with greater entropy for fixed mass and charge than the Reissner-Nordström solution. In these new solutions, the scalar condenses to a non-zero value near the horizon. Various generalizations of these hairy black holes are discussed, and an attempt is made to characterize when black hole hair can occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5121-5143
Number of pages23
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 7 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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