Phase Diagram of the Two-Flavor Schwinger Model at Zero Temperature

Ross Dempsey, Igor R. Klebanov, Silviu S. Pufu, Benjamin T. Søgaard, Bernardo Zan

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We examine the phase structure of the two-flavor Schwinger model as a function of the θ angle and the two masses, m1 and m2. In particular, we find interesting effects at θ=π: along the SU(2)-invariant line m1=m2=m, in the regime where m is much smaller than the charge g, the theory undergoes logarithmic renormalization group flow of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless type. As a result, dimensional transmutation takes place, leading to a nonperturbatively small mass gap ∼e-Ag2/m2. The SU(2)-invariant line lies within a region of the phase diagram where the charge conjugation symmetry is spontaneously broken and whose boundaries we determine numerically. Our numerical results are obtained using the Hamiltonian lattice gauge formulation that includes the mass shift mlat=m-g2a/4 dictated by the discrete chiral symmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031603
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 19 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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