Petrologic and age constraints on the origin of a low-pressure/high- temperature metamorphic complex, southern Alaska

V. B. Sisson, L. S. Hollister, T. C. Onstott

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Abstract

The interrelationships between metamorphism, deformation, magma intrusion, and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology were determined for a low-pressure/high-temperature metamorphic complex which formed from an accretionary prism in the Chugach Mountains, southern Alaska. Compressional deformation, which first produced south verging folds and associated thrusts, was followed by magma intrusion and development of north verging folds. Synmetamorphic southward directed thrusting of metamorphosed flysch over flysch produced increased load in the footwall, as documented by the distribution of mineral assemblages and by pressure-temperature modeling of garnet growth. The initial heating to the greenschist facies may have been accomplished by a combination of advective heating from aqueous fluids and of conductive heating from subducted young oceanic crust. Regionally developed amphibolite facies metamorphism followed intrusion of felsic sills. The peak metamorphic conditions derived from geothermobarometry, mineral assemblages, and fluid inclusions ranged from 400° to 600°C at a depth of ~10 km. Subsequent cooling was initially rapid (~55°C/Ma) to ~350°C based on 40Ar/39Ar dates of 53 Ma for hornblende and 50 Ma for biotite and may have slowed to ~11°C/Ma until 200°C based on an 40Ar/39Ar date of 35 Ma for plagioclase. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4392-4410
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume94
Issue numberB4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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