Persistence, chaos and synchrony in ecology and epidemiology

D. J.D. Earn, P. Rohani, B. T. Grenfell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

170 Scopus citations

Abstract

The decline of species in natural habitats concerns ecologists, who view extinction as a danger and conservation of biological diversity as a goal. In contrast, the proliferation of 'undesirable' species is the principal concern of epidemiologists, who view persistence as a problem and eradication as an achievement. While ecologists and epidemiologists have essentially opposite goals, the mathematical scructure of the population dynamics that they study is very similar. We briefly review the similarities and differences between these two fields, emphasizing recent work in both areas on the effects of spatial synchrony and dynamical chaos. We hope to stimulate further cross-fertilization of ideas between the disciplines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-10
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume265
Issue number1390
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Conservation
  • Dispersal
  • Eradication
  • Extinction
  • Metapopulation

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