Perpendicular momentum injection by lower hybrid wave in a tokamak

Jungpyo Lee, Felix I. Parra, Ron R. Parker, Paul T. Bonoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The injection of lower hybrid (LH) waves for current drive into a tokamak affects the profile of intrinsic rotation. In this paper, the momentum deposition by the LH wave on the electrons is studied. Due to the increase in the poloidal momentum of the wave as it propagates into the tokamak, the parallel momentum of the wave increases considerably. The change in the perpendicular momentum of the wave is such that the toroidal angular momentum of the wave is conserved. If the perpendicular momentum transfer via electron Landau damping is ignored, the transfer of the toroidal angular momentum to the plasma will be larger than the injected toroidal angular momentum. A proper quasilinear treatment proves that both perpendicular and parallel momentum are transferred to the electrons. The toroidal angular momentum of the electrons is then transferred to the ions via different mechanisms for the parallel and perpendicular momentum. The perpendicular momentum is transferred to ions through an outward radial electron pinch, while the parallel momentum is transferred through collisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125005
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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