We have studied frustrated kagome arrays and unfrustrated honeycomb arrays of magnetostatically interacting single-domain ferromagnetic islands with magnetization normal to the plane. The measured pairwise spin correlations of both lattices can be reproduced by models based solely on nearest-neighbor correlations. The kagome array has qualitatively different magnetostatics but identical lattice topology to previously studied artificial spin ice systems composed of in-plane moments. The two systems show striking similarities in the development of moment pair correlations, demonstrating a universality in artificial spin ice behavior independent of specific realization in a particular material system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)