Peroxisome Plasticity at the Virus–Host Interface

Katelyn C. Cook, Jorge A. Moreno, Pierre M. Jean Beltran, Ileana M. Cristea

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peroxisomes are multifunctional organelles with roles in cellular metabolism, cytotoxicity, and signaling. The plastic nature of these organelles allows them to respond to diverse biological processes, such as virus infections, by remodeling their biogenesis, morphology, and composition to enhance specific functions. During virus infections in humans, peroxisomes act as important immune signaling organelles, aiding the host by orchestrating antiviral signaling. However, more recently it was discovered that peroxisomes can also benefit the virus, facilitating virus–host interactions that rewire peroxisomes to support cellular processes for virus replication and spread. Here, we describe recent studies that uncovered this double-edged character of peroxisomes during infection, highlighting mechanisms that viruses have coevolved to take advantage of peroxisome plasticity. We also provide a perspective for future studies by comparing the established roles of peroxisomes in plant infections and discussing the promise of virology studies as a venue to reveal the uncharted biology of peroxisomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-914
Number of pages9
JournalTrends in Microbiology
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Keywords

  • herpesvirus
  • host–pathogen interactions
  • innate immunity
  • organelle remodeling
  • peroxisome
  • virus
  • virus–host interactions

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Peroxisome Plasticity at the Virus–Host Interface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this