The volume of the periplasmic space in E. coli and S. typhimurium cells was measured. This space, in cells grown and collected under conditions routinely used in work with these bacteria, was shown to comprise from 20 to 40% of the total cell volume. Further studies were conducted to determine the osmotic relationships between the periplasm, the external milieu, and the cytoplasm. Results showed that there is a Donnan equilibrium between the periplasm and the extracellular fluid, and that the periplasm and cytoplasm are isoosmotic. In minimal salts medium, the osmotic strength of the cell interior was estimated to be approximately 300 mosM, with a net pressure of approximately 3.5 atm being applied to the cell wall. A corollary of these findings was that an electrical potential exists across the outer membrane. This potential was measured by determining the distributions of Na + and Cl - between the periplasm and the cell exterior. The potential varied with the ionic strength of the medium; for cells in minimal salts medium it was approximately 30 mV, negative inside.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1977|
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