Performance evaluation of smoothing algorithms for transmitting prerecorded variable-bit-rate video

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101 Scopus citations


The transfer of prerecorded, compressed variable-bit-rate video requires multimedia services to support large fluctuations in bandwidth requirements on multiple time scales. Bandwidth smoothing techniques can reduce the burstiness of a variable-bit-rate stream by transmitting data at a series of fixed rates, simplifying the allocation of resources in video servers and the communication network. This paper compares the transmission schedules generated by the various smoothing algorithms, based on a collection of metrics that relate directly to the server, network, and client resources necessary for the transmission, transport, and playback of prerecorded video. Using MPEG-1 and MJPEG video data and a range of client buffer sizes, we investigate the interplay between the performance metrics and the smoothing algorithms. The results highlight the unique strengths and weaknesses of each bandwidth smoothing algorithm, as well as the characteristics of a diverse set of video clips.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-313
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Bandwidth smoothing
  • Compressed video
  • Traffic management
  • Video traces
  • Video-on-demand server


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