Performance and upgrades for the electron cyclotron heating system on DIII-D

Mirela Cengher, J. Lohr, Y. A. Gorelov, R. Ellis, Egemen Kolemen, D. Ponce, S. Noraky, C. P. Moeller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The electron cyclotron heating (ECH) system on the DIII-D fusion reactor consists of six 110-GHz gyrotrons with 6 MW installed power for pulses limited administratively to 5 s in length. The transmission coefficient is better than -1.1 dB for four of the transmission lines, which is close to the theoretical value. A new depressed collector gyrotron was recently installed and is injecting up to 720 kW of power into DIII-D during 2013 tokamak operations. Three of the four dual waveguide launchers, which can steer the RF beams ±20° both poloidally and toroidally, were used for real-time neoclassical tearing mode control and suppression with increased poloidal scanning speed up to 60 °/s and positioning accuracy of the beams of ± 2 mm at the plasma center. The ECH capabilities on DIII-D are being steadily updated, leading to increased experimental flexibility and high reliability of the system. In the past year, the ECH system reliability reached 87% for 2352 successful individual gyrotron shots into DIII-D. Planning is under way for the addition of two new depressed collector gyrotrons, one at 110 GHz, 1.2 MW and another at 117.5 GHz, 1.5 MW generated power, both of which are in the test stage at Communications and Power Industries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6782696
Pages (from-to)1964-1970
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • Antenna
  • DIII-D
  • RF transmission line.
  • electron cyclotron current drive
  • electron cyclotron heating (ECH)
  • gyrotron


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