Path dependence of the geometric rotation of polarization in optical fibers

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Abstract

The geometric rotation of the polarization angle in a ideal cylindrical optical fiber without birefringence is obtained for arbitrary fiber paths in terms of the image of the path in the tangent vector space. The result extends a recent result of Chiao and Wu [Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 933 (1986)] restricted to paths with parallel ends, which was derived from Berry’s phase in the adiabatic limit of quantum mechanics [Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 392,45 (1984)]. The treatment given here is purely classical and uses differential geometry to extend earlier work by Ross [Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 455 (1984)] on the uniform helix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)730-732
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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