We study the hydrodynamic coupling between particles and solid, rough boundaries characterized by random surface textures. Using the Lorentz reciprocal theorem, we derive analytical expressions for the grand mobility tensor of a spherical particle and find that roughness-induced velocities vary nonmonotonically with the characteristic wavelength of the surface. In contrast to sedimentation near a planar wall, our theory predicts continuous particle translation transverse and perpendicular to the applied force. Most prominently, this motion manifests itself in a variance of particle displacements that grows quadratically in time along the direction of the force.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes