Particle-in-cell simulations of magnetically driven reconnection using laser-powered capacitor coils

Kai Huang, Quanming Lu, Lan Gao, Hantao Ji, Xueyi Wang, Feibin Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we propose an experimental scheme to fulfill magnetically driven reconnections. Here, two laser beams are focused on a capacitor-coil target and then strong currents are wired in two parallel circular coils. Magnetic reconnection occurs between the two magnetic bubbles created by the currents in the two parallel circular coils. A two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation model in the cylindrical coordinate is used to investigate such a process, and the simulations are performed in the (r,z) plane. The results show that with the increase of the currents in the two coils, the associated magnetic bubbles expand and a current sheet is formed between the two bubbles. Magnetic reconnection occurs when the current sheet is sufficiently thin. A quadrupole structure of the magnetic field in the θ direction (Bθ) is generated in the diffusion region and a strong electron current along the r direction (Jer) is also formed due to the existence of the high-speed electron flow away from the X line in the center of the outflow region. Because the X line is a circle along the θ direction, the convergence of the plasma flow around r=0 will lead to the asymmetry of Jer and Bθ between the two outflow regions of magnetic reconnection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052104
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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