Particle-hole symmetry in the antiferromagnetic state of the cuprates

Y. Wang, N. P. Ong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


In the layered cuprate perovskites, the occurrence of high-temperature superconductivity seems deeply related to the unusual nature of the hole excitations. The limiting case of a very small number of holes diffusing in the antiferromagnetic (AF) background may provide important insights into this problem. We have investigated the transport properties in a series of crystals of YBa2Cu3Oy, and found that the temperature dependencies of the Hall coefficient RH and thermopower S change abruptly as soon as the AF phase boundary is crossed. In the AF state at low temperatures T, both RH and S are unexpectedly suppressed to nearly zero over a broad interval of T. We argue that this suppression arises from near-exact symmetry in the particle-hole currents. From the trends in RH and S, we infer that the symmetry is increasingly robust as the hole density x becomes very small (x ≃ 0.01). We discuss implications for electronic properties both within the AF state and outside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11091-11096
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number20
StatePublished - Sep 25 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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