Frequency upshifts have been proposed as a first experimental signature of collective effects in quantum electrodynamic cascade generated electron-positron pair plasmas. Since the high effective masses of generated pairs will reduce any frequency change, stopped pairs at a minimal Lorentz factor in the lab frame were thought to be the dominant contribution to the laser upshift. However, we demonstrate that only considering stopped particles unduly neglects the contributions of particles re-accelerated in the laser propagation direction. Re-accelerated particles should, on a per particle basis, affect the laser more strongly and over a much longer timescale. To maximize particle contributions to the laser upshift, we consider a Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) mode laser beam to better reflect generated pairs. The LG mode does not have an advantage in particle deceleration and re-acceleration when compared against a Gaussian beam, but the LG mode can maintain particle contributions for a longer duration, allowing for more pair density accumulation. Deceleration with a structured beam to keep pairs within the laser should create a larger upshift, thereby lowering the demands on the driving laser.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics