Parallel impurity dynamics in the TJ-II stellarator

J. A. Alonso, J. L. Velasco, I. Calvo, T. Estrada, J. M. Fontdecaba, J. M. García-Regaña, J. Geiger, M. Landreman, K. J. McCarthy, F. Medina, B. Ph Van Milligen, M. A. Ochando, F. I. Parra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We review in a tutorial fashion some of the causes of impurity density variations along field lines and radial impurity transport in the moment approach framework. An explicit and compact form of the parallel inertia force valid for arbitrary toroidal geometry and magnetic coordinates is derived and shown to be non-negligible for typical TJ-II plasma conditions. In the second part of the article, we apply the fluid model including main ion-impurity friction and inertia to observations of asymmetric emissivity patterns in neutral beam heated plasmas of the TJ-II stellarator. The model is able to explain qualitatively several features of the radiation asymmetry, both in stationary and transient conditions, based on the calculated in-surface variations of the impurity density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number074009
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 10 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • impurity dynamics
  • magnetic confinement fusion
  • plasma fluid dynamics
  • stellarators


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