Paleomagnetic results from some Southern African kimberlites, and their tectonic significance.

R. B. Hargraves, Tullis C. Onstott

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Abstract

Paleomagnetic data are reported from kimberlite occurrences of three distinct age groups: 1) National (one pipe), D = 221o, I = -51o, k = 41, alpha95 = 7.2o, age c.1140 m.y., 2) Swartruggens (three fissures), mean D = 293o, I = -46o, k = 22, alpha95 = 26,9o, age = c.150 m.y., and 3) six bodies in and adjacent to Lesotho, D = 350o, I = - 69o, K - 66, alpha95 = 8.3o with age spread of c.90 + 5 m.y. Analysis of these and previously published data suggests that most individual kimberlite bodies give acceptable paleomagnetic (as distinct from virtual geomagnetic) poles. This leads to a revised apparent polar wander curve for Africa in upper Mesozoic time and suggests that the time of kimberlite emplacement does coincide with intervales of rapid plate motion, although this cannot be the primary cause of their intrusion. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3587-3596
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume85
Issue numberB7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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