The Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) transition in eastern Bulgaria (Bjala) was analyzed in terms of lithology, mineralogy, stable isotopes, trace elements, and planktic foraminifera. The sequence represents a boreal-Tethyan transitional setting, spans from the last 300 k.y. of the Maastrichtian (zone CF1) through the early Danian (zones P0-Plc), and contains several short hiatuses. It differs from low-latitude Tethyan sequences primarily by lower diversity assemblages, pre-K-T faunal changes, a reduced K-T δ13C shift, and the presence of two clay layers with platinum group element anomalies. The first clay layer marks the K-T boundary impact event, as indicated by an iridium anomaly (6.1 ppb), the mass extinction of tropical and subtropical planktic foraminifera, and cooling. The second clay layer is stratigraphically within the upper Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina (Pla) zone and contains a small Ir enrichment (0.22 ppb), a major Pd enrichment (1.34 ppb), and anomalies in Ru (0.30 ppb) and Rh (0.13 ppb) that suggest a volcanic source.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Special Paper of the Geological Society of America|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2002|
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