Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant paediatric brain tumour, with ~30% mediated by Sonic hedgehog signalling. Vismodegib-mediated inhibition of the Sonic hedgehog effector Smoothened inhibits tumour growth but causes growth plate fusion at effective doses. Here, we report a nanotherapeutic approach targeting endothelial tumour vasculature to enhance blood–brain barrier crossing. We use fucoidan-based nanocarriers targeting endothelial P-selectin to induce caveolin-1-dependent transcytosis and thus nanocarrier transport into the brain tumour microenvironment in a selective and active manner, the efficiency of which is increased by radiation treatment. In a Sonic hedgehog medulloblastoma animal model, fucoidan-based nanoparticles encapsulating vismodegib exhibit a striking efficacy and marked reduced bone toxicity and drug exposure to healthy brain tissue. Overall, these findings demonstrate a potent strategy for targeted intracranial pharmacodelivery that overcomes the restrictive blood–brain barrier to achieve enhanced tumour-selective penetration and has therapeutic implications for diseases within the central nervous system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)