Oxidation of Pt (111) by ozone (O3) under UHV conditions

N. A. Saliba, Y. L. Tsai, C. Panja, Bruce E. Koel

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Abstract

Ozone (O3) is a reactive oxidant, creating high effective oxygen pressures under ultra-high vacuum (UHV) conditions. Large oxygen concentrations up to θo=2.4 ML were produced by ozone exposure on Pt(111) at 300 K and analyzed using temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). O2 desorption occurs in broad TPD peaks that shift from 814 to 558 K as the oxygen coverage increases from 0.03 to 0.95 ML. For coverages of θo≥1.2 ML, "undercutting" of the desorption curves occurs, along with a narrowing and shift to higher temperature, such that O2 desorption occurs in a sharp (23 K wide) peak at 708 K at θo=2.4 ML. LEED shows a (2 × 2) pattern for θo near 0.25 ML, but then only a (1 × 1) pattern between 0.3 and 1.2 ML. For oxygen coverages larger than 1.2 ML, the Pt(111) surface is disordered. Using the leading edge method, we estimate that the desorption activation energy decreases from 45 to 20 kcal mol-1 with increased oxygen concentration for 0<θo<1.2 ML, and thereafter increases with increasing concentration to 38 kcal mol-1 at θo=2.4 ML. We interpret the O2 desorption curves for θo>1.2 ML as arising from decomposition of particles of platinum oxide of increasing size near the surface. A very weakly bound state of oxygen also exists at high θo and desorbs at 390 K. Oxidized platinum is reduced upon heating to Pt metal in the temperature range of 674-708 K in UHV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalSurface Science
Volume419
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Auger electron spectroscopy
  • LEED
  • Low index single crystal surfaces
  • Ozone
  • Pt(111) oxidation
  • Thermal desorption

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