Confinement in the reversed field pinch (RFP) has been shown to increase strongly with current profile control. The MST RFP can operate in two regimes: the standard regime with a naturally occurring current density profile, robust reconnection and dynamo activity; and the improved confinement regime with strong reduction in reconnection, dynamo and transport. New results in standard plasmas include the observation of a strong two-fluid Hall effect in reconnection and dynamo, the determination that the m ≤ 0 edge resonant mode is nonlinearly driven, and the determination that tearing modes can lock to the wall via eddy currents in the shell. New results in improved confinement plasmas include observations that such plasmas are essentially dynamo-free, contain several isolated magnetic islands (as opposed to a stochastic field) and contain reduced high frequency turbulence. Auxiliary current drive and heating is now critical to RFP research. In MST, a programme to apply auxiliary systems to the RFP is underway and progress has accrued in several techniques, including lower hybrid and electron Bernstein wave injection, ac helicity injection current drive, pellet injection and neutral beam injection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics