Ordering and stabilization of C60 films on the (√3 × √3)R30° Sn/Pt(111) surface alloy

Nathan Swami, Hong He, Bruce E. Koel

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The deposition and growth of C60 on the (√3 × √3)R30° Sn/Pt(111) surface alloy is compared with that on the Pt(111) surface at submonolayer, monolayer and multilayer coverages. We find that alloying Pt(111) with Sn arrests the charge transfer from Pt to adsorbed C60, as seen from the absence of a shift in the T1u(1) vibrational levels of C60 probed by high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS). From low energy electron diffraction (LEED) observations it is determined that whereas ordering and graphitization of C60 on Pt(111) take place at 900 K, graphitization of C60 is inhibited by Sn alloyed into Pt(111). The rotated hexagonal LEED pattern of the ordered C60 monolayer is stabilized by the presence of Sn on Pt(111) until 1100 K, which is close to the fragmentation temperature of solid C60. Upon heating C60 films on the (√3 × √3)R30° Sn/Pt(111) surface alloy, Sn is dealloyed at about 500 K, and this dealloyed Sn reacts with C60 at 450-700 K, possibly resulting in polymerization. Auger electron spectroscopy annealing studies and the rise in intensity of the unpolarized Raman-active Ag(2) mode at 1467 cm-1 support this conclusion. High temperature fragmentation of C60 in the presence of Sn leads to HREELS peaks at 250 and 740 cm-1, prior to the formation of graphite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalSurface Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 20 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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