Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of “Blind” Auditions on Female Musicians

Claudia Goldin, Cecilia Rouse

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Sex-biased hiring has been alleged for many occupations but is extremely difficult to prove. The empirical literature on discrimination, deriving from the seminal contributions of Gary Becker (1971) and Kenneth Arrow (1973), has focused mainly on disparities in earnings between groups (e.g., males and females), given differences in observable productivity-altering characteristics. With the exception of various audit studies (e.g., Genevieve Kenney and Douglas A. Wissoker, 1994; David Neumark et al., 1996) and others, few researchers have been able to address directly the issue of bias in hiring practices. A change in the way symphony orchestras recruit musicians provides an unusual way to test for sex-biased hiring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSocial Stratification
Subtitle of host publicationClass, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780429963193
ISBN (Print)9780429494642
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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