Optimization for Signal Transmission and Reception in a Macrocell of Heterogeneous Uplinks and Downlinks

Hongwen Yu, Hoang Duong Tuan, Trung Q. Duong, H. Vincent Poor, Yong Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Internet-of-things (IoT) applications continue to drive advancements in serving as many heterogeneous low-latency downlinks and uplinks as possible within a constrained communication bandwidth. Full-duplexing (FD) transceivers have been introduced to implement simultaneous signal transmission and reception (STR) over the entire available frequency band. However, both inter-link interference and FD loop-interference are hardly suppressed to a necessary level for the effectiveness of FD-based STR even for microcells. This paper proposes an alternative STR technique per one time-slot for macrocells, where a fraction of a time-slot is used for downlinks and the remaining complementary fraction of the time-slot is used for uplinks. Thus, STR over the entire available bandwidth can be implemented in a way with no loop interference. Furthermore, another approach of using a fraction of the available bandwidth for downlinks and the remaining complementary fraction of the bandwidth for uplinks over the whole time-slot is also proposed. The problem of both downlink and uplink beamforming to maximize the energy efficiency of such heterogeneous networks subject to the quality-of-service in terms of downlink and uplink throughput is examined for all three possible STRs. Numerical results demonstrate the advantages of the time-fraction-wise STR and bandwidth-fraction-wise STR over the FD-based STR, where the time-fraction-wise STR is not only the best in serving the same numbers of downlinks and uplinks but also is capable of serving many more downlinks and uplinks with a higher energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9162046
Pages (from-to)7054-7067
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume68
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Heterogeneous networks
  • downlink and uplink beamforming
  • energy efficiency
  • fractional bandwidth allocation
  • fractional time-slot allocation
  • nonconvex optimization
  • signal transmission and reception

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