‘Optimal’ retaliation in the WTO – a commentary on the upland cotton arbitration

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The Upland Cotton case raises a range of interesting issues regarding the rationale for retaliation in the WTO system and the proper approach to its calibration. These include: Should the approach to retaliation differ in cases involving prohibited or actionable subsidies? When should cross-retaliation be allowed? Should retaliation be based only on the harm to the complaining nation, or to other nations as well? And, most importantly, what economic content can be given to the standard of countermeasures ‘equivalent to the level of nullification or impairment’? We address these and other issues from both a legal and economic perspective, with particular attention to the question of what level of retaliation will restore the lost welfare of the complaining nation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe WTO Case Law of 2009
Subtitle of host publicationLegal and Economic Analysis
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781139034432
ISBN (Print)9781107681781
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of '‘Optimal’ retaliation in the WTO – a commentary on the upland cotton arbitration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this