The methodology of optimal control theory is applied to the problem of implementing quantum gates in continuous-variable (CV) systems with quadratic Hamiltonians. We demonstrate that it is possible to define a fidelity measure for CV gate optimization that is devoid of traps, such that the search for optimal control fields using local algorithms will not be hindered. The optimal control of several quantum computing gates, as well as that of algorithms composed of these primitives, is investigated using several typical physical models and compared for discrete-variable and continuous-variable quantum systems. Numerical simulations indicate that the optimization of generic CV quantum gates is inherently more expensive than that of generic discrete variable quantum gates, but can be routinely achieved for all the major classes of computing primitives. The exact-time controllability of CV systems, hitherto largely ignored in the design of information processing models, is shown to play an important role in determining the maximal achievable gate fidelity. Moreover, the ability to control interactions between qunits can be exploited to delimit the total control fluence. Future experimental model systems should carefully tune these parameters so as to enable the implementation of CV quantum information processing with optimal fidelity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - May 1 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics