The optimal control of quantum systems provides the means to achieve the best outcome from redirecting dynamical behavior. Quantum systems for optimal control are characterized by an evolving density matrix and a Hermitian operator associated with the observable of interest. The optimal control landscape is the observable as a functional of the control field. The features of interest over this control landscape consist of the extremum values and their topological character. For controllable finite dimensional quantum systems with no constraints placed on the controls, it is shown that there is only a finite number of distinct values for the extrema, dependent on the spectral degeneracy of the initial and target density matrices. The consequences of these findings for the practical discovery of effective quantum controls in the laboratory is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry