Optical properties and magnetic-field-induced phase transitions in the ferroelectric state of Ni3 V2 O8: Experiments and first-principles calculations

R. C. Rai, J. Cao, S. Brown, J. L. Musfeldt, D. Kasinathan, D. J. Singh, G. Lawes, N. Rogado, R. J. Cava, X. Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use a combination of optical spectra, first-principles calculations, and energy-dependent magneto-optical measurements to elucidate the electronic structure and to study the phase diagram of Ni3 V2 O8. We find a remarkable interplay of magnetic field and optical properties that reveals additional high magnetic-field phases and an unexpected electronic structure, which we associate with the strong magnetodielectric couplings in this material over a wide energy range. Specifically, we observed several prominent magnetodielectric effects that derive from changes in the crystal-field environment around Ni spine and cross tie centers. This effect is consistent with a field-induced modification of local structure. Symmetry-breaking effects are also evident with temperature. We find Ni3 V2 O8 to be an intermediate-gap, local-moment band insulator. This electronic structure is particularly favorable for magnetodielectric couplings, because the material is not subject to the spin-charge separation characteristic of strongly correlated large-gap Mott insulators, while at the same time remaining a magnetic insulator independent of the particular spin order and temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235101
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume74
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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