Operator Scaling Dimensions and Multifractality at Measurement-Induced Transitions

A. Zabalo, M. J. Gullans, J. H. Wilson, R. Vasseur, A. W.W. Ludwig, S. Gopalakrishnan, David A. Huse, J. H. Pixley

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60 Scopus citations


Repeated local measurements of quantum many-body systems can induce a phase transition in their entanglement structure. These measurement-induced phase transitions (MIPTs) have been studied for various types of dynamics, yet most cases yield quantitatively similar critical exponents, making it unclear how many distinct universality classes are present. Here, we probe the properties of the conformal field theories governing these MIPTs using a numerical transfer-matrix method, which allows us to extract the effective central charge, as well as the first few low-lying scaling dimensions of operators at these critical points for (Formula Presented)-dimensional systems. Our results provide convincing evidence that the generic and Clifford MIPTs for qubits lie in different universality classes and that both are distinct from the percolation transition for qudits in the limit of large on-site Hilbert space dimension. For the generic case, we find strong evidence of multifractal scaling of correlation functions at the critical point, reflected in a continuous spectrum of scaling dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number050602
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 4 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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