Making use of numerical continuation techniques as well as bifurcation theory, both one- and two-dimensional travelling wave solutions of the ensemble-averaged equations of motion for gas and particles in fluidized beds have been computed. One-dimensional travelling wave solutions having only vertical structure emerge through a Hopf bifurcation of the uniform state and two-dimensional travelling wave solutions are born out of these one-dimensional waves. Fully developed two-dimensional solutions of high amplitude are reminiscent of bubbles. It is found that the qualitative features of the bifurcation diagram are not affected by changes in model parameters or the closures. An examination of the stability of one-dimensional travelling wave solutions to two-dimensional perturbations suggests that two-dimensional solutions emerge through a mechanism which is similar to the overturning instability analysed by Batchelor & Nitsche (1991).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering