On the simplification of statistical mechanics for space plasmas

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Space plasmas are frequently described by kappa distributions. Non-extensive statistical mechanics involves the maximization of the Tsallis entropic form under the constraints of canonical ensemble, considering also a dyadic formalism between the ordinary and escort probability distributions. This paper addresses the statistical origin of kappa distributions, and shows that they can be connected with non-extensive statistical mechanics without considering the dyadic formalism of ordinary/escort distributions. While this concept does significantly simplify the usage of the theory, it costs the definition of a dyadic entropic formulation, in order to preserve the consistency between statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. Therefore, the simplification of the theory by means of avoiding dyadic formalism is impossible within the framework of non-extensive statistical mechanics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number285
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Entropy
  • Kappa distributions
  • Non-extensive statistical mechanics
  • Space plasmas


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