Biomass burning is a major source of air pollutants, some which are also climate forcing agents. We investigate the sensitivity of direct radiative forcing due to tropospheric ozone and aerosols (carbonaceous and sulfate) to a marginal reduction in their (or their precursor) emissions from major biomass burning regions. We find that the largest negative global forcing is for 10% emission reductions in tropical regions, including Africa (-4.1 mVm-2 from gas and -4.1 mVm-2 from aerosols), and South America (-3.0 mVm-2 from gas and -2.8 mVm-2 from aerosols). We estimate that a unit reduction in the amount of biomass burned in India produces the largest negative ozone and aerosol forcing. Our analysis indicates that reducing biomass burning emissions causes negative global radiative forcing due to ozone and aerosols; however, regional differences need to be considered when evaluating controls on biomass burning to mitigate global climate change.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Earth and Planetary Sciences