The local extinction of bunsen flame tips and edges of hydrocarbon/air premixtures has been experimentally investigated using a variety of burners. Results show that, while for both rich propane/air and butane/air mixtures tip opening occurs at a constant fuel equivalence ratio of 1.44 and is therefore independent of the intensity, uniformity, and configuration of the approach flow, for rich methane/air flames burning is intensified at the tip and therefore opening is not possible. These results substantiate the concept and dominance of the diffusional stratification mechanism in causing extinction, and clarify the theoretical predictions on the possible opening of two-dimensional flame wedges.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physics and Astronomy(all)