On the nature of the tensile instability in metastable liquids and its relationship to density anomalies

Pablo G. Debenedetti, Michael C. D'Antonio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tensile instability is a hitherto unexplained phenomenon whereby a metastable liquid loses tensile strength as the temperature is reduced in the vicinity of its triple point. The thermodynamically consistent behavior which must be exhibited by any liquid in the vicinity of a tensile instability displays a variety of unusual phenomena: nonanalytic density maxima, spinodal retracing, and density anomalies (negative thermal expansion coefficient) in the vicinity of the spinodal curve. Loss of tensile strength implies (and is inseparable from) density anomalies in the vicinity of the spinodal curve. This important conclusion is derived here from first principles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3339-3345
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'On the nature of the tensile instability in metastable liquids and its relationship to density anomalies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this