On the applicability of directed relation graphs to the reduction of reaction mechanisms

Tianfeng Lu, Chung K. Law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

218 Scopus citations


The conditions for application of the directed relation graph (DRG) method in skeletal reduction of mechanisms with vastly different time scales were systematically analyzed. It was found that the existence of quasi-steady-state species induces no additional restriction on the application of DRG. When there are partial equilibrium reactions, DRG requires reactions with fast forward or backward rates to be reversible and the backward rate to be computed through the equilibrium constant. The effect of loss of significant digits in the evaluation of species relations due to substantial cancellation between the forward and backward rates of partial equilibrium reactions was identified and a criterion for minimum accuracy in sampled reaction states for DRG reduction was identified. The method of DRG was then compared with two methods recently developed for skeletal reduction: one is based on computational singular perturbation (CSP) and another is the directed relation graph with error propagation (DRGEP). Advantages and restrictions of including fast-slow subspace separation in skeletal reduction and the validity of the geometric error propagation model in DRGEP were discussed, with examples in the existence of exhausted fast processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-483
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Directed relation graph
  • Mechanism reduction
  • Skeletal reduction


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