On representing and correcting wavefront errors in high-contrast imaging systems

Amir Give'on, N. Jeremy Kasdin, Robert J. Vanderbei, Yoav Avitzour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Conventional adaptive-optics systems correct the wavefront by adjusting a deformable mirror (DM) based on measurements of the phase aberration taken in a pupil plane. The ability of this technique, known as phase conjugation, to correct aberrations is normally limited by the maximum spatial frequency of the DM. In this paper we show that conventional phase conjugation is not able to achieve the dark nulls needed for high-contrast imaging. Linear combinations of high frequencies in the aberration at the pupil plane "fold" and appear as low-frequency aberrations at the image plane. After describing the frequency-folding phenomenon, we present an alternative optimized solution for the shape of the deformable mirror based on the Fourier decomposition of the effective phase and amplitude aberrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1063-1073
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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