### Abstract

This paper studies the computational complexity of the following type of quadratic programs: given an arbitrary matrix whose diagonal elements are zero, find x ε {-1,1} ^{n} that maximizes x ^{T}Mx. This problem recently attracted attention due to its application in various clustering settings, as well as an intriguing connection to the famous Grothendieck inequality. It is approximate to within a factor of O(log n), and known to be NP-hard to approximate within any factor better than 13/11 - ε for all ε > 0. We show that it is quasi-NP-hard to approximate to a factor better than O(log ^{γ} n)for some γ > 0. The integrality gap of the natural semidefinite relaxation for this problem is known as the Grothendieck constant of the complete graph, and known to be ⊖(log n). The proof of this fact was nonconstructive, and did not yield an explicit problem instance where this integrality gap is achieved. Our techniques yield an explicit instance for which the integrality gap is Ω(log n/log log n), essentially answering one of the open problems of Alon et al. [AMMN].

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings - 46th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2005 |

Pages | 206-215 |

Number of pages | 10 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 1 2005 |

Event | 46th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2005 - Pittsburgh, PA, United States Duration: Oct 23 2005 → Oct 25 2005 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings - Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS |
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Volume | 2005 |

ISSN (Print) | 0272-5428 |

### Other

Other | 46th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2005 |
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Country | United States |

City | Pittsburgh, PA |

Period | 10/23/05 → 10/25/05 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Engineering(all)

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## Cite this

*Proceedings - 46th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2005*(pp. 206-215). [1530715] (Proceedings - Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS; Vol. 2005). https://doi.org/10.1109/SFCS.2005.57