On-line Steiner trees in the Euclidean plane

Noga Alon, Yossi Azar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

26 Scopus citations


Suppose we are given a sequence of n points v1, . . . , vn in the Euclidean plane, and our objective is to construct, on-line, a connected graph that connects all of them, trying to minimize the total sum of lengths of its edges. We assume that the points appear one at a time, vi arriving at step i. At the end of step i, the on-line algorithm must construct a connected graph Ti that contains the points v1, . . . , vi by connecting the new point vi to the previously constructed graph Ti-1. This can be done by joining vi (not necessarily by a straight line) to any point of Ti-1, which need not necessarily be one of the previously given points vj. The performance of our algorithm is measured by its competitive ratio: the supremum, over all sequences v1, . . . , vn as above, of the ratio between the total length of the graph constructed by our algorithm and the total length of the best Steiner tree that connects all the points v1, . . . , vn. There are known on-line algorithms whose competitive ratio is O(log n), but there is no known nontrivial lower bound for the best possible competitive ratio. Here we prove that the upper bound is almost tight by establishing an Ω(log n/log log n) lower bound for the competitive ratio of any on-line algorithm. The lower bound holds for deterministic algorithms as well as for randomized ones, and obviously holds in any Euclidean space of dimension greater than 2 as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry
PublisherPubl by ACM
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)0897915178, 9780897915175
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes
EventEighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry - Berlin, Ger
Duration: Jun 10 1992Jun 12 1992

Publication series

NameEighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry


OtherEighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry
CityBerlin, Ger

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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