On ignition in counterflowing CO/H2 versus heated air

J. Y.D. Trujillo, T. G. Kreuts, C. K. Law

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This paper presents a computational study of ignition in nonpremixed Counterflowing CO/H2 versus heated air. To understand the chemical and dynamical mechanisms governing CO/H2 ignition, we have examined the following features: the effect of H2 concentration on the system's ignition characteristics, the dominant chemical kinetics just prior to ignition, the role of convection and diffusion with respect to chemical kinetics, and the dependence of ignition temperature on pressure variation. Three ignition regimes were identified, based upon the influence of Ha concentration, which we have designated (1) Hj-dominating, (2) transition and (3) H2- catalyzing. In the H2-dominated regime, relevant for high H2 concentrations, the controlling ignition kinetics involves that of H2 chemistry with minimal CO influence. In the transition regime, the participation of CO kinetics, especially through its exothermicity, allows the CO/H2 system to be ignitable even when the analogous N2/H2 system ceases to be ignitable. Sensitivity analysis shows that it is the competition between Hj and HO2chemistry in the two systems that determines whether or not the system is ignitable. Finally, in the H2-catalyzed regime, relevant for low H2 concentrations, the dominant kinetics are found to include both H2 and CO chemistry. Furthermore, by studying the effects of pressure on the ignition temperature in the H2-catalyzed regime, three ignition limits corresponding to those of H2 explosion are identified, as is reasonable to expect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes
Event34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1996 - Reno, United States
Duration: Jan 15 1996Jan 18 1996


Other34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1996
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering


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