Observation of the Bc+ Meson in Pb-Pb and pp Collisions at sNN =5.02 TeV and Measurement of its Nuclear Modification Factor

(CMS Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Bc+ meson is observed for the first time in heavy ion collisions. Data from the CMS detector are used to study the production of the Bc+ meson in lead-lead (Pb-Pb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of sNN=5.02 TeV, via the Bc+→(J/ψ→μ+μ-)μ+νμ decay. The Bc+ nuclear modification factor, derived from the Pb-Pb-to-pp ratio of production cross sections, is measured in two bins of the trimuon transverse momentum and of the Pb-Pb collision centrality. The Bc+ meson is shown to be less suppressed than quarkonia and most of the open heavy-flavor mesons, suggesting that effects of the hot and dense nuclear matter created in heavy ion collisions contribute to its production. This measurement sets forth a promising new probe of the interplay of suppression and enhancement mechanisms in the production of heavy-flavor mesons in the quark-gluon plasma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number252301
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume128
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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