Measurements on very low disorder two-dimensional electrons confined to relatively wide GaAs quantum well samples with tunable density reveal a close competition between the electron liquid and solid phases near the Landau level filling factor ν=1. As the density is raised, the fractional quantum Hall liquid at ν=4/5 suddenly disappears at a well-width dependent critical density, and then reappears at higher densities with insulating phases on its flanks. These insulating phases exhibit reentrant ν=1 integer quantum Hall effects and signal the formation of electron Wigner crystal states. Qualitatively similar phenomena are seen near ν=6/5.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)